Gum disease, also known as periodontal disease, is an infection of the gums surrounding your teeth. Gum disease is one of the top reasons for tooth loss in adults, and many patients do not know they have the disorder because it’s nearly pain free. During each regular checkup, Dr. Braegger will assess for signs of periodontal disease and gums.
The causes of gum disease
Gum disease is caused by a buildup of plaque (a sticky form of bacteria that forms on the teeth). Periodontal disease forms just below the gum line and creates small pockets that separate the teeth and the gums. Periodontal disease has two stages: periodontitis and gingivitis.
- Gingivitis — This is the early period of gum disease, when the gums become red and swollen, and bleed easily. At this time, the disorder is treatable and can generally be removed by daily brushing and flossing.
- Periodontitis — If left untreated, gingivitis will advance into periodontitis, and the gums and bone that support the teeth will become critically and irreversibly damaged. Gums infected with periodontitis can cause teeth to become loose, fall out, or have to be removed.
Particular factors can increase a patient’s risk including:
- Smoking or chewing tobacco
- Certain types of medication like steroids, anti- epilepsy drugs, cancer therapy drugs, calcium channel blockers, and oral contraceptives
- Bridges that no longer fit correctly
- Twisted teeth
- Old fillings
Since it is possible to have periodontal disease and not know it, you should check this list of symptoms:
- Gums that bleed readily
- Red, swollen, sore gums
- Gums that have pulled away from the teeth
- Constant bad breath or bad taste
- Permanent teeth that are loose or seperating
- Any change in the fit of partial dentures
- Any change in the way teeth fit together when you bite
Treating gum disease
Treatments for gum disease can change according to the severity of each individual case.
- Non-surgical treatments such as at-home periodontal trays, and scaling and root planing (heavy cleaning)
- laser gum surgery and Periodontal surgery
- Dental implants
Routine dental checkups and periodontal examinations are important for maintaining your well-being and the wellbeing of your grin. You can significantly reduce your odds of ever losing teeth and getting gum disease by practicing good oral hygiene at home. Remember clean between your teeth, to brush regularly, eat a balanced diet, and schedule routine dental visits with Dr. Braegger to help keep your smile healthy. Contact our office to schedule a consultation today and see why our patients love us.
Michael K Braegger D.M.D.
3327 E Baseline Rd Gilbert, AZ 85234
The best dentist office to treat gum disease in Gilbert AZ