Thursday, September 25, 2014

Tooth Sensitivity advice by Gibert AZ dentist Michael Braegger DMD

Are your teeth sensitive to sweets, foods that are acidic, biting or temperature changes? You likely have sensitive teeth. There are several factors that may lead to teeth that are sensitive. The most common reason for sensitive teeth is the underlying layer called the dentin is exposed. Here are a few of the reasons teeth can become sensitive:
• Dental decay: For those who have dental decay or cavities, the tooth can become sensitive since there is a hole that communicates with the dentin in the exterior. Sensitivity can be caused by even the littlest of cavities in a tooth.
• Over brushing: Remember to use a soft bristle toothbrush or not to brush too aggressively.
• Gum recession: Root surfaces become exposed and this leads to tooth distress.
• Fractured, cracked or broken teeth: They can be sensitive because there"s a direct pathway of impulses to the pulp.
• Tooth grinding or clenching: Clenching or grinding wears down the enamel and uncovers the dentin leading to sensitivity.
• Acidic foods/ beverages or gastric reflux: Acid is certainly one of the most significant factors that triggers tooth sensitivity because it destroys enamel via erosion. Citrus fruits for example oranges, lemons and grapefruits can damage the teeth if eaten frequently. Beverages for example soda or energy drinks are highly acidic. Also, acid reflux can cause damage. People who have bulimia, regular heartburn or anorexia typically have tooth damage because of erosion.

In a healthy tooth, a layer protects the crown, the component above the gum line. Under the gum, a layer called cementum protects the root and under both the enamel and the cementum is dentin.

The good thing is there are treatments for teeth that are sensitive. The kind of treatment will depend on what is causing the sensitivity. At the office of Dr. Michael Braegger we will do a thorough evaluation to figure out what has lead to the sensitivity.

Treatments

Densenitizing toothpaste: The most straightforward of treatments, such a toothpaste contains compounds that help block painful sensations to the nerve in the tooth surface. Sometimes, these toothpastes can require several programs before the sensitivity is reduced. Remember to look for toothpaste. Desensitizing toothpaste helps with alleviating the symptoms rather than repairing the underlying issue.

Floride gel: It is a gel that can be applied in office and can help strengthen the enamel of a tooth and reduce painful sensations. Prescription gel typically has 5 times the amount of floride than routine toothpaste therefore, specific instructions must be followed at home.

Mi paste: Mi paste can help soothe sensitivity while providing nourishing minerals.

An inlay or crown bonding: These can be employed to redress a flaw or decay which is resulting in sensitivity.

Surgical gum grafting: This reduces susceptibility and will protect the root, if gum tissue has been lost from the root.

Root canal: In excessive cases a root canal may be needed to alleviate tooth discomfort.